On 14 February 2019, A militant rammed an explosive-led vehicle into a CRPF convoy of around 78 vehicles in Pulwama, Jammu, and Kashmir, killing 40 personnel.

The terror attack filled the nation with anger and led to the countrywide demand for action on terrorists and the nation breeding them, ie Pakistan.

In retaliation to the terror attack, Indian Air Force conducted an air strike on a terrorist camp in the Balakot region of Pakistan, claiming to have killed several terrorists.

Pakistan also launched air strikes the following day, during which MIG-21 fighter jet pilot Abhinandan Varthaman shot down Pakistan's PAF's F-16. His fighter jet crashed and he landed in Pakistani territory.

IAF officer, Abhinandan Varthaman was taken in by the Pakistani Army after his plane crashed in Pakistani territory. He was later interrogated by the Army and handed over to India within a week.

Apart from Balakot Airstrike, India withdrew the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status to Pakistan. It also urged the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering to include Pakistan on its ‘blacklist’, which resulted in the now debt-ridden nation's addition to FATF's grey list.